How to construct a Infra Red Wireless Door Monitor - Islamia university bahawalpur google-site-verification=dtxQQ4I2sAJImOTdghR4COQrhhDKPVch_9bwLf81yhI
 
Door Monitor Project

This door monitor project uses an infrared beam to monitor door & passageways or any other area. When the beam is broken a relay is tripped which can be used to sound a bell or alarm. Suitable for detecting customers entering a shop, cars coming up a driveway, etc. The IR beam is very strong. Distances over 25 feet can be monitored. A 12V DC supply is required to power the circuit. A 12V wall adaptor is fine.

Provision has been made so that only one power supply needs to be used to power both units. The relay is rated to switch mains voltages.


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The door monitor transmitter board consists of two square-wave oscillators, one running at approx. 250Hz and the other running at 38kHz. The 38kHz frequency acts as a carrier wave and is required by the IR receiver module on the receiver board. This carrier wave is “ANDed” or modulated by the 250Hz frequency to produce an output signal that contains bursts of 38kHz at a rate of 250Hz. This signal is used to drive an infrared LED. The oscillators are made by using two 555 timer ICs set up as “astable” (free running) multivibrators. IC1 is used for the 250Hz oscillator.Resistor R1 and R2 and capacitor C1 set the frequency. Another 555 chip, IC2, is used for the 38KHz oscillator. Resistors R4 and R5 and capacitor C3 set the frequency. Notice the diodes D1 and D3. These are provided to create a “symmetrical” output. Normally the external capacitor C1 (C3) charges through resistors R1 and R2 (R4 and R5) and discharges through R2 (R5). Without the diodes this output waveform would have a longer “high” time than the “low” time. The diode bypasses resistor R2 (and R5) when the capacitor is charging, so that it is only charged via R1 (or R5). This gives the same charging and discharging time and so the output waveform has equal high and low times.

The charge time (output high) is given by:

THIGH = 0.693 x R1 x C1 (or 0.693 x R4 x C3)

The discharge time (output low) is given by:

TLOW = 0.693 x R2 x C1 (or 0.693 x R5 x C3)

The output frequency = 1 / (THIGH + TLOW)



The output from the IC1 is coupled via diode D2 and resistor R3 to the ‘trigger’ input of IC2. When the IC1 output is low it stops IC2 from running and IC2’s output is forced high (no IR LED current). When IC1 output is high, IC2 runs and the IR LED is pulsed at 38KHz.

The Waitrony IR LED is driven directly from the output of IC2. Resistor R6 sets the maximum LED current. With a 12VDC supply the current is about 45mA (the LED drops 2V across it when conducting). Lowering the value of R6 will increase the current through the LED thus boosting the signal strength. This may be necessary if the kit is used outside in direct sunlight or if you need “very long range”. Keep in mind that the maximum current that the 555 can handle is 200mA

If the distance to be monitored is less than about 10 yards then you will need to fit the 5mm shrink tubing over the IR LED. This narrows the radiating angle of the IR beam and makes it much more directional. The IR output is strong. It can easily bounce off walls etc to give false readings.

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The door monitor receiver consists of an IR receiver module that detectsthe incoming IR beam from the transmitter. The IR signal isused to keep a capacitor charged which in turn holds a relayoperated. When the beam is broken the capacitor dischargesand the relay releases.An IR receiver/detector module, RX1, is made up of an an amplifier/filter circuit tuned to detect a 38kHz frequency. The output pin is low whenever a 38kHz signal is detected.When the IR beam is present the relay is operated. Not all Receiver Modules are the same. IR decoder module looks for a manufacturer-specific leader code before it decodes the modulated signal. The door monitor project produces an NEC compatible Leader code. The Kodenshi PIC37043LM and PIC12043LO decoder modules are the ones that are used in this project. If you use the incorrect IR decoder module the relay will not be operated continuously but will drop out after less than a second after power is applied.

The output of RX1 is the 250Hz signal from the transmitter. This signal is passed via transistor Q1, capacitor C1and diode D2 to capacitor C2. C2 is fully charged during the high portion of the signal. It starts to discharge during the low portion of the signal via LED L1, resistor R4 and transistor Q2. However the discharge time is much longer than the off time of the signal so the voltage across C2 is always enough to keep transistor Q2 on and therefore the relay operated.

When the beam is broken the output of RX1 is high. Transistor Q1 is off and capacitor C2 is no longer being recharged. It will eventually discharge to the point where transistor Q2 will turn off and the relay will release. The “turn off” delay is determined by the time constant of resistor R5 and capacitor C3. With the values used it is approx. half a second.

Capacitor C1 prevents a steady DC voltage on the collector of Q1 from charging C2. This would occur if the beam was not present or the beam was a continuous 38kHz signal. In other words, the receiver module will only respond to a pulsed 38kHz signal.

LED L1 gives a visual indication when the IR beam is present and is used to help with installation and setup. Zener diode Z1, resistor R6 and capacitor C4 provides a stable 5.6V supply for the IR module. The relays used should be mains rated: 250V/12A; 120VAC/15A

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umar amin khan
3/21/2011 03:32:59 am

very nice project...keep it up..im also a engineer...

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1/25/2012 05:42:09 am

nice post

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will return quickly

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3/10/2012 02:07:34 pm

THX for info

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THX for info

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will return before long

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3/24/2012 01:08:55 am

THX for info

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5/14/2012 03:41:26 pm

THX for info

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7/14/2012 06:35:18 pm

will return quickly

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9/29/2012 11:06:24 am

is before long

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7/28/2016 12:18:31 am

I may make them in bulk if any of the www.fiatspider.com folks need to buy any. It's coming along pretty nice. I look forward to making some brand new cards. Enjoy the slide show.

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